What is the normal blood sugar level for type 1 diabetic?
Normal blood sugar levels are different for diabetics as compared to the non-diabetics. It depends on the blood tests that are performed by your doctor, that what is the normal blood sugar range for a type 1 diabetic. Let’s find out.
What is the normal blood sugar level for a type 1 diabetic?
The normal blood sugar level for a type 1 diabetic is 100mg/dL or less when fasting and it goes up to 180mg/dL for 2 hours after having meal. If you are a type 1 diabetic, and your blood sugar levels lies between these ranges, don’t worry as you are controlling it well. Comparing with a normal person blood sugar levels, this range is little different as a normal person’s blood glucose goes up to only 140mg/dL for up to 2 hours after meal. However, the range of normal blood sugar level for normal people when fasting is quite similar to the type 1 diabetics and it is from 72mg/dL to 99mg/dL.
If you are a type 1 diabetic, it means that your body is not able to produce insulin properly due to the destroyed Beta cells inside the pancreas. When insulin is not released by the pancreas, specifically after the meal when the blood sugar levels elevates, glucose becomes uncontrollable.
Blood glucose level before and after eating meals
Blood glucose levels are different for type 1 diabetics before (fasting) and after taking the meals. The small intestine is responsible for absorbing the nutrients into the bloodstream. When you eat meal, amylin stops the food from reaching the small intestine. Consequently, the digestion of food becomes and this combination of fast digestion and slow insulin leads to an increase in the blood sugar levels.
How to maintain your blood sugar levels?
Maintaining blood sugar is very important especially for a type 1 diabetic to avoid dangerous complications. When you eat meal, the blood sugar levels spikes up and if you are a type 1 diabetic, you should be careful. Some of the proven bets ways to control blood sugar levels for a type 1 diabetic are:
- Regularly checking your blood sugar level is considered as the most important step towards controlling it. Some people don’t notice when they have slightly higher or lower blood sugar. It silently affects the organs and lead to various complications
- You should know the amount of carbohydrates and fats you are taking in. Carbohydrates is broken down into glucose by your body so excess intake can be dangerous
- Low glycemic index food is always preferred for a type 1 diabetic. It includes low fat milk, leafy greens, nuts and seeds, legumes and sweet potatoes etc.
- Doing exercise regularly can be very beneficial as it will increase the sensitivity of insulin and helps you lose healthy weight. Moreover, you stay active.
- Increase the intake of fiber as it plays significant role in slowing down the rate of carbohydrates break down and hence control the blood glucose efficiently.
- Drinking good amount of water is always recommended if you are a type 1 diabetic as it helps to remove extra sugar from your kidneys.
- Stress is common now a days but it’s not good for type 1 diabetic. Read our post on how stress affects type 1 diabetic.
- Alcohol and diabetes cannot sit in the same car. If you are a diabetic, you have to lower the alcohol intake as much as you can. Better to refrain from it permanently.
- Herbal extracts are still very commonly used methods in Asian countries and they are sometimes way more efficient when it comes to managing blood sugar levels. Green tea, cinnamon, bitter melon, chromium etc. are some of the best examples.
- Have enough sleep as less sleep have a similar effect to insulin resistance. If you don’t sleep well, your blood sugar will rise.
Is high blood sugar level dangerous for type 1 diabetes?
If a diabetic has a high blood sugar level, it is called hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia can be very dangerous and can lead a type 1 diabetic certain complications. When a person with type 1 diabetes has high blood sugar levels, 190mg/dL or more after eating a meal, he/she should maintain the blood sugar level. If hyperglycemia is not taken properly for a longer period of time, a type diabetic may face complications like kidney failure, loss of vision, nerve damage and in severe cases; heart attack.
Some of the symptoms if you are experiencing high blood sugar level are:
- Blurred vision
- Weight loss
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent urinating
- Tingling hands and feet
Is low blood sugar level dangerous for type 1 diabetes?
Low blood sugar also known as hypoglycemia, can happen to a type 1 diabetic if insulin is overdosed. Taking too much insulin and not eating according to it is one of the major reason for low blood sugar level. A type 1 more commonly faces hypoglycemia as compared to the type 2 diabetic. A person with type 1 diabetes should be concerned because when blood glucose levels are dropped too much, your body might not be able to function fully. Our body needs energy and low blood sugar will not allow you to move like in normal routine.
Some of the symptoms if you are experiencing low blood sugar level are:
- Pale skin
- Want to vomit
- Losing consciousness (when levels are too low)
Final thoughts on normal blood sugar level for type 1 diabetic
The normal blood sugar range considered for a type 1 diabetic when fasting is 100mg/dL or below which is very similar to the normal person. After eating meal, the blood sugar level may spike up to 180mg/dL for up to 3-4 hours. Maintaining blood sugar level is very important because not doing so will lead to complications and can damage kidneys, eyes, nerves and heart. Hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia both are not good for type 1 diabetics.
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