How dangerous is Type 1 diabetes?
If you are diagnosed with a type 1 diabetes, we need your attention to let you know everything about how dangerous it can be? Type 1 diabetes is one of the five known types of diabetes and if not taken care of, can cause serious problems.
Before we start, we highly recommend you to have a quick look below at diabetes and type 1 diabetes also known as t1d or t1 diabetes.
Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body loses its ability to produce the insulin. The food you eat contains glucose which is consider as the main source of energy. The levels of glucose are controlled by insulin, and insulin is made by the pancreas.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes also known as Juvenile diabetes because it is usually diagnosed in children or youth. In type 1 diabetes, the beta cells used for making insulin inside the pancreas are destroyed by your immune system. In some cases, an injury or a disease rather than the immune system wipe out these beta cells. But in either cases, it is called t1 diabetes.
How dangerous is Type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes or juvenile diabetes as discussed above wipes out the insulin making cells inside the pancreas. Unlike the Type 2 diabetes, in which these beta cells are safe and can produce insulin but it is not used by our body.
Children or Young people
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children or young people and it is dangerous because once you are diagnosed with it, there is no permanent cure. It doesn’t matter like other diseases or injuries that your body can or will recover soon if you are young.
T1 diabetes is rare
Type 1 diabetics are very less in numbers as compared to other types of diabetics. Only 5% of all the diabetics in the world have type 1 diabetics.
Type 1 Diabetes complications
Type 1 diabetics should take care of their blood sugar levels otherwise they may have to face some long-term complications. These complications develop over time and take almost 10 years to start affecting your tiny organs and large and tiny blood vessels.
When blood sugar level is not controlled properly, it damages tiny and large blood vessels. If tiny blood vessels are damaged, they lead to micro-vascular complications. Whereas, if large blood vessels are damaged, they lead to macro-vascular complications.
Micro-vascular complications specifically effects eyes, kidneys and nerves.
Eyes: Loss of Vision
T1 diabetes can develop an eye problem which is called cataract or retinopathy and both of these may result in loss of vision. Annual eye check-up is recommended and glucose levels must be controlled regularly.
Nephropathy: Kidney failure
Type 1 diabetes may lead to kidney failure if the sugar levels are not controlled. The portion of the kidneys that filters your blood is damaged as a result. This kidney disease due to t1d is also known as nephropathy.
As we stated above that tiny blood vessels are damaged by type one diabetes. These tiny vessels are responsible for feeding the nerves. When tiny vessels are damaged, they are unable to feed nerves properly and eventually your nerves gets damaged as well. This nerve damage due to diabetes is also called neuropathy.
Macro-vascular complications as discussed earlier is damage caused by diabetes to the large blood vessels.
Large blood vessels including the aorta and the vena cava are responsible for taking blood to and from the heart. When these large blood vessels are damaged due to the type 1 diabetes, plague can take place and as a result, may lead to heart attack.
Micro-vascular and macro-vascular complications discussed above are long term effects of uncontrolled type one diabetes. Hypoglycemia is also a complication however it is considered as a short term complication. It happens usually when the insulin isn’t taken properly by you or given to your child by you.
To avoid the hypoglycemia complication, all you need is to inject insulin properly by planning it with your meals. There are 3 stages of hypoglycemia; mild, moderate and severe. Severe hypoglycemia is the stage which may lead to coma or even death therefore you need to take care of your insulin intake.
T1d more deadly for women
According to the Research done by Rachel Huxley at the University of Queensland in Herston, Australia; Women that are diagnosed with type 1 have 40% higher risk of premature deaths than that of men. Going deeper, women have 37% higher risk of dying from Stroke as compared to the men diagnosed with t1 diabetes. Whereas, according to research related to deaths by heart attack has 44% higher percentage in women as compared to men that are type 1 diabetics.
Type 1 diabetics are increasing in Young
We wish health for all young or adults diabetics and this is an alarming point for non-diabetics. Every year since 1989, 3% increase in the type 1 diabetes in children and young persons is diagnosed. 15000 children, according to research, are diagnosed with type 1 diabetics every year in United States.
How to avoid dangerous complications of type 1 diabetes?
I know by reading above complications of the type 1 diabetes you must be worrying but here’s what you can do and what you need to do.
If unfortunately you or your kids are diagnosed with t1 diabetes, you should not start thinking like it’s the end of the world of your life. I know the feelings when you or your loved one is diagnosed with a chronic disease in younger age that has no permanent treatment.
All you need to do is to be brave and love yourself. It’s not only you, who are type 1 diabetics but there are many other young and adults diabetics in United States of America and all over the world. The only thing you should care about is the sugar level. The blood sugar level or glucose level must be in control all the time. Insulin must be taken at the right time and with proper measurements to specially avoid hypoglycemia discussed earlier.
Hopefully, you got you answer about how dangerous is type 1 diabetes. We wish that you always stay happy, healthy and blessed if you are diagnosed with diabetes. If you are not a diabetic, we wish that you never ever diagnose with it. At the end, we would like to advise you to be brave as there are many successful stories of people who were diagnosed with diabetes at young age and they lived long life without facing any complications. Search our blog for some exceptional methods and tips to control your diabetes with just one drink or food.